HPA Finds Myopia Rates Up Among Taiwan Children|國健署調查:小一學童近視盛行率達1/5
According to the latest study conducted by the Health Promotion Administration, myopia rate for kids at the senior year of kindergarten in Taiwan is about 9 percent, but it increased sharply to 19.8 percent in the first year of primary school, meaning that two out of every ten students are myopic. The new results also show that 9 out of 10 high school seniors is nearsighted.
This is a Li, an eighth grader who has been suffering from myopia since he was eight. It was first a mild myopia of 100 degrees, but after spending at least 1.5 hours on his phone, his myopia worsened to 700 degrees by the time he began the seventh grade. He began to experience blurred vision. The doctors found out that his severe myopia has triggered retinal detachment. The doctor had to resort to an emergency surgery to prevent the student's vision from worsening.
Young children don't have much in the way of entertainment. They often just chat with their friends, which means spending time on consumer electronics. This has caused his myopia to worsen by 100 degrees per year.
Myopia has become an increasing severe epidemic among students. According to the latest survey results from the Health Promotion Administration, about 9 percent of the senior in kindergartens suffer from myopia; the figures doubles by the time that students begin their first year in elementary school, reaching 19.8 percent. This means two out of every ten students suffer from myopia. Among twelfth graders, as many as nine students out of ten suffer from myopia. Doctors have warned that myopia higher than 500 degrees could lead to glaucoma, retinal detachment and macular degeneration, and there is also a 10 percent chance that it could lead to total vision loss. Another recent study has shown that, if one increases his or her time spent on outdoors activity by one hour each week, it'll decrease the risk of myopia by 2 percent.
Sunlight has a more even spectrum, which allows the retinas to generate dopamine and hold the eyeball together and reduce the chance of one's myopia worsening.
Doctors have said that summers are considered a peak season for the risk of getting myopia. They have advised parents to bring their children to the outdoors, which reduce their children's chance of fixing their eyes on something close and allows more interaction between parents and children. The doctors also said that those who have to use mobile phones should take a 10-minute break every half an hour, and children under the age of 2 should avoid staring at screens altogether to reduce the risk of myopia.
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