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2019-08-19 | 公共電視

Number of HK, Macau Students in Taiwan Drops in Four Straight Years|港澳生報名"海外聯招"人數 連四年下降

As the anti-extradition bill protest continues in Hong Kong, many local residents are planning to move abroad. According to figures from Taiwan's Ministry of Interior, the number of Hong Kong residents living in Taiwan have been on the rise for the past three years. However, the number of students coming to study in Taiwan has dropped in four consecutive years. Scholars believe the drop has something to do with the growing recruitment from China and the low birthrate in Hong Kong.

Due to the geographical proximity with Hong Kong, as well as the absence of a language barrier, Taiwan was a popular destination for students from Hong Kong in the past. However, statistics have shown that the number of Hong Kong high school graduates applying for universities in Taiwan has dropped from around 6,000 in 2015 to merely 2,000 this year. The University Entrance Committee for Overseas Chinese Students believes the drop is linked to Hong Kong's low birth rate as well as China's growing recruitment effort and their increasing scholarship. Some in the academia said Taiwan should make its universities more attractive to students from Hong Kong.

The number of students (from Hong Kong to Taiwan) has been dropping every year. However, recruitment by individual universities has led to increasing number of incoming students. Other than encouraging independent recruitment effort from universities, we should put more scholarship in place and attract more Hong Kong students amidst the ongoing protest.

Scholars have pointed out that the average tuition fee for Taiwan's public universities is around NT$50,000 an academic year; about NT$100,000 for private universities and those are cheaper than Hong Kong's tuition fee which is NT$150,000 per academic year. They also said that Taiwan has an edge in terms of its geographical proximity to Hong Kong and its quality of teachers. The scholars said they hope universities could attract more students from Hong Kong amidst the ongoing protest.

Those who have positive views towards Beijing or those who don't care about politics tend to study in China. However, some are not willing to compromise on their politics. If students from Hong Kong or Macau study in Taiwan, after graduating, there's a possibility that they'll choose to live in Taiwan.

The students who are admitted by universities can apply for living permit. Those from other high schools and universities might need to apply through the Mainland Affairs Council if they wish to enroll in universities in Taiwan.

The Ministry of Education said that if students from Hong Kong seek residency or student visa due to their participation in the anti-extradition bill protest, they could apply through the University Entrance Committee for Overseas Chinese Students or through individual universities. Whether they can apply through other channels depends on the arrangement of the Mainland Affairs Council.

因為地理位置相近、沒有語言隔閡,因此台灣向來是香港學生的熱門留學地。 但數據顯示,香港高中畢業生,報名海外聯招來台的人數,在104年達6千人高峰,今年只剩兩千多人海外聯招會推測,這和香港少子化,以及中國擴大招生、提高獎金等原因有關,因此學界呼籲,台灣也可以提高誘因。

實踐大學校長 陳振貴表示:「海聯會的這個學生人數,逐年下降,但是,獨招的人數,而且是逐年攀升,除了招生的管道,增加學校獨招的部分之外,也要多編列一些獎學金,我們要利用這個反送中的機會,儘量來招收香港的學生。」

學者指出,台灣公立大學的學費,一學年大約5萬、私立10萬左右,這和香港動輒15萬台幣來說,相對便宜,而且師資、地理位置都有優勢。如果能搭上近期香港「反送中」、對台友好的趨勢,那可以增加更多生源。

在台港生 孫凱琦表示:「親共或者是,他們對政治比較冷感的人,可能就會(去中國唸書)啊!問題是,現在很多人,就是不願意在政治上妥協啊!港澳生如果來台灣唸書,拿到畢業證書之後,比較容易可以選擇留在台灣生活。」

教育部國際司科長 賴信任表示:「已經取得入學許可的(學生),那他當然可以來申請所謂的居留,其他的高中或大學,他們有就學的需求,可能要由陸委會那邊,統一再看個別的情形(再安排)。」

至於香港學生,如果是因為參與「反送中」運動而來台尋求居留等協助,教育部指出,目前依法可以經由海外聯招會和各校單招等管道來台就學,是否還有其他的協助方式,要看陸委會安排。

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