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2019-11-29 | 公共電視

Nearly 300K Workers Earning Less Than NT$30K/Month|全台近3百萬人月薪不到3萬 創19年新低

Are real wages rising? The answer is no. While the average monthly wage of new college graduates is currently around NT$28,000, in 2018, around 327,000 workers in Taiwan earned less than NT$30,000 a month. The Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics announced this year that the number of people earning less than NT$30,000 a month has fallen to a 19-year low of 2.994 million, but experts say this does not mean wages have risen significantly, especially in the face of inflation. In Taipei, for example, a person would have to not eat or drink for almost 30 years in order to afford to buy a home.

I earn around NT$28,000 (a month) in the service industry. There's not much left after living expenses.

This woman has worked in the food and beverage industry for four years but still earns less than NT$30,000 a month. After living expenses and student loan repayment, there is little left. Many workers in Taiwan are in the same boat, earning less than NT$30,000 a month. According to the Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, 32.8 percent of workers, or 2.994 million people, earn less than NT$30,000 a month. This was announced as an achievement, with the DGBAS also noting the number has fallen by 22,000 to a 19-year low this year. However, many workers say wage rises are lagging far behind inflation and it is very difficult to make ends meet.

Inflation is very severe, especially housing prices. No one earns enough to save any money.

Office workers eat out most of the time, and the cost of eating out has definitely gone up recently.

According to one job bank analyst, the number of workers earning less than NT$30,000 a month has fallen because of four consecutive years of minimum wage hikes and a new regulation forcing employers to disclose salary range in job listings for positions paying less than NT$40,000 a month. At the same time, real wages have not gone up.

Most earn less than NT$30,000. Some technical jobs pay even less. Food and beverage and service industry workers -- the government has to take industry distribution into account.

In addition, the number of atypical workers has soared over the past five years to 819,000 this year. Atypical workers now account for a record 7.13 percent of the workforce. One major reason is the growing food delivery platform industry. To address the problem of atypical workers having next to no labor rights, the Ministry of Labor will submit a new occupational injury insurance and protection draft bill to the Executive Yuan in coming weeks. If passed, an estimated 300,000 workers would benefit.

民眾表示:「我做服務業的 (月薪)大概2萬8,但是因為就是扣一扣,可能就沒有那麼多了。」

在餐飲服業的她,已工作四年,月薪仍不到三萬塊,每個月扣掉日常開銷,還有學貸,別說投資,連存錢都有難度。像這樣每月薪水,不到三萬塊的勞工,其實不少。根據主計總處統計,月入不到3萬,全台約有299.4萬人,佔全體受僱就業者32.8%,比去年少了2.2萬人,創19年新低。不過,部分民眾認為,薪資漲幅,跟不上物價漲幅,薪水固定受薪階級,生活壓力很大。

民眾表示:「因為你的物價一直漲,漲得太兇了,尤其房價(上漲)速度,根本存不到啊!」

台大國發所副教授 辛炳隆表示:「上班族受薪階級,他們大概都是外食族嘛!那我們最近的外食的費用,確實很明顯的增加。」

月入不到3萬的人、變少了,但根據人力銀行專家分析,幾個原因,包括連續四年調漲基本工資帶動,還有去年通過,雇主招募職缺,月薪未達4萬,必須公開薪資範圍,禁止寫"薪資面議"等因素影響,不過,實質薪資增加了嗎,答案是否定的。

人力資源業者 楊宗斌表示:「大部分不到三萬塊,可能還是以一些技術門檻比較低的,像一些這個餐飲服務業啦,這些勞工朋友到底主要是處於什麼樣的一個產業?我覺得說政府還是要持續追,這樣的一個分布啦!」

另外,非典型就業人數,近五年來不斷攀升,今年來到81.9萬人,佔總就業人數7.13%,續創歷年新高,其中受外送餐飲服務平台興起影響很大。不過,"非典"勞工保障少,近期勞動部已通過"勞工職業災害保險及保護法"草案,今年底前可送至行政院審議,非典就業勞工將受到保障,預計可納入30萬名勞工受惠。

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