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2020-05-26 | 公共電視

Number of Child and Youth Abuse Reports Sets Record|2019年兒少保護通報逾7萬件 創歷史新高

Statistics from the Ministry of Health and Welfare show that over 70,000 reports of child and youth abuse were filed in 2019, setting a new record. However, the number of reports originating from the general public has been decreasing with each passing year. Meanwhile, the Taiwan Fund for Children and Families found that 34 percent of people do not believe "corporal punishment" is abuse and 10 percent do not think using negative language with their children is abuse.

Previous cases of child abuse reported in Taiwan included a boy who was beaten so severely by his stepfather that he was sent to a hospital, where he died. Another case involved a man who beat up his wife and child because they didn't make his meatballs spicy enough. Ministry of Health and Welfare statistics show that the number of reports of child and youth abuse has increased every year during the past five years. The nearly 74,000 reports received in 2019 set a new record. However, while the number of reports submitted by professional workers has increased, the number submitted by the general public is decreasing, showing that the general public is reluctant to get involved.

It would be reasonable to think that since people are having fewer children, they would cherish the children they have. However, parents these days are under more pressure, and the next generation may be influenced by how their parents disciplined them. Sometimes they discipline, sometimes they scold, and sometimes they abuse them. There's often a fine line between them.

A Taiwan Fund for Children and Families survey found that over 30 percent of respondents do not believe "corporal punishment" is maltreatment, and this tendency was the highest among the 31 to 40 age group. Meanwhile, 11 percent do not believe using negative language with their children is maltreatment, and this tendency was the highest among the 41 to 50 age group. These results conform to the ministry's data on "abusers" in child and youth abuse cases. As to why there is "abuse," it is mainly related to the lack of parental education and knowledge, the prevalence of corporal punishment, and negative emotional behavior.

Our brains actually first receive emotions, then reason. Parents can be somewhat serious while maintaining stable emotions, because only seriousness will make the senses of children more sensitive, thereby helping to activate their cognitive areas and allow them to receive the training and knowledge from their parents.

Experts also say children are negatively affected when they witness adults engaging in violent behavior. Children who grow up in violent environments end up with a high sense of insecurity, which may result in excessive stress or defensive or aggressive behavior. This in turn will affect their interpersonal relationships and mental and physical adaptability. Parents therefore need to learn how to accurately manage discipline and "corporal punishment."

小男童被繼父毆打、傷重送醫不治;還有人因為肉圓沒加辣,就痛毆妻兒,類似這樣的兒虐事件,時常在新聞版面出現。根據衛福部資訊,近五年的兒少保護「通報」處理案件,逐年攀升,去年7萬多件創下歷史新高,但其中是「責任通報」提升、「一般通報」變低,顯示一般民眾的通報意願並不高。

家扶基金會執行長 何素秋表示:「孩子生得少,應該按理說,應該是很疼惜小孩。那相對的,現在的父母親壓力比較大,你被父母親怎麼管教,用的方式,下一代也有可能比較傾向於,用這樣的一個方式。有時候管教、打罵,跟虐待,有時候是一線之間。」

根據家扶調查,有超過三成,不認為「體罰」兒童是虐待,其中是以31-40歲的受訪者比例最高。還有一成認為,對小孩說負面話語,不算虐待,這項是41-50歲比例居多。這樣的數據,也和衛福部的兒少案件「施虐者」統計吻合。至於會造成民眾「施虐」,主要是和缺乏親職教育知識、習慣體罰、負面情緒行為特質有關。

兒童發展專家 王宏哲表示:「我們的大腦,其實是一個先接收情緒,再接收道理的一個結構。在穩定的情緒之下,可以略帶嚴肅,因為嚴肅這件事情,才能讓他們(小孩)的感官,變得比較靈敏,他才會開始,啟動他的認知區域,來接收爸爸、媽媽的教養訊息。」

除此之外,專家也表示,小孩「目睹大人」的暴力行為,也會造成傷害,在這種環境成長的小孩「不安全感」很高,可能會引發過度緊張、防衛或攻擊行為,影響到人際關係和身心適應等議題,因此管教和「體罰」,該如何精準拿捏,成為家長必須學習的課題。

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