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2020-09-29 | 公共電視

Calls for Act to Be Amended to Block Chinese Investment|港資中資難分 立委提修兩岸人民關係條例

Some civic groups and legislators in Taiwan have expressed concerns that the line between Hong Kong capital and Chinese capital is becoming more indistinct. They therefore say the Act Governing Relations Between the People of the Taiwan Area and the Mainland Area needs to be amended to include "layered reviews" and enact stricter examination standards for Chinese capital.

Some civic groups are worried about the effects of the national security law on Hong Kong's economic independence and expressing concerns that the line between Hong Kong capital and Chinese capital is becoming more indistinct. The Act Governing Relations Between the People of the Taiwan Area and the Mainland Area has not been amended since it was enacted in 2003. One Democratic Progressive Party legislator recently proposed amending the act to prevent Chinese investment from using foreign investment or Hong Kong investment to evade review and China from harming national security through economic infiltration.

Yu Pun Hoi is in Hong Kong and supports the government in Beijing. However, he said I am not Chinese capital, I am a Hong Kong person, and my Nan Hai Corporation is a Hong Kong-listed company. In reality, he is using Hong Kong and foreign investment to invest in Taiwan. How can you regulate this?

The Ministry of Economic Affairs reviews companies to see whether Chinese enterprises have a "controlling" stake, but there are cases where foreign or Hong Kong investment is used or a third country is involved to invest in Taiwan, making it hard to ascertain who has a controlling stake. Civic groups say the review criteria should be applicable to cases where Chinese natural persons have a "significant influence" on an enterprise registered in a third country and the definition should not be limited to "control."

We have presently changed to layered reviews. In other words, for any layer, a capital holding of more than one-third is considered to be control. If you enjoy significant economic benefits or significant subsidies in China, then you cannot directly or indirectly control fourth estate companies in Taiwan.

One legislator proposed amending the act to carry out "layered reviews" for any form of Chinese capital holding that exceeds one-third and add a "red media" clause to prevent entities whose turnovers in China account for 30 percent or more of total revenue, or that have received over NT$1 million in subsidies at one time or more than NT$5 million within five years from the Chinese government or military from investing in the Taiwanese cable television and broadcasting industry.

港版國安法實施後,公民團體憂心香港經濟獨立地位岌岌可危,港資與中資界線越來越模糊模糊,而我國現行兩岸人民條例,自2003年立法來近20年沒有修法,為了避免中資利用外資、港資規避審查,防堵中國以經濟滲透傷害國家安全,立委王定宇將提出"兩岸人民關係修正草案"

經濟民主連合智庫召集人 賴中強表示:「于品海在香港,也是在支持中國北京政府。但是于品海振振有詞說,我不是中資,我是香港人,我的南海控股是香港上市公司。確確實實利用香港,港資、外資的身分,來台灣投資,這個東西,你怎麼規範?」

經濟部審查中資認定必須有"控制力",但針對中資繞到第三地,利用外資或港資到台投資,實質控制力難以認定。公民團體主張,中國自然人對第三地企業有重大影響力,適用中資審查規範,不拘泥於控制力定義。

民進黨立委 王定宇表示:「那我們現在改成分層審查。也就是任何一層,超過三分之一的資本額,就認為實質控制。在中國享有重大經濟利益,或重大補助,那你就不能直接或間接,控制台灣第四權媒體。」

立委提出修法,對中資任何形式持股超過三分之一,將採取「分層審查」加嚴管制。此外也將增列"紅媒條款",在中國地區營業額佔總營收百分之三十、收受中共黨政軍補助超過一百萬,或五年內超過五百萬者,不得投資台灣有線電視廣播。

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